Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Comparative Perspective of Black College Males on the Achievement Gap: Implications for School Counselors
by Bethell, Detra, Ph.D., University of South Florida, 2013, 168; 3558283
Abstract (Summary)

The dominant discourse regarding Black males in America is that they are less academically successful than European American males and Black females. Similarly, Black males in the Bahamas are described as less successful than Black Bahamian females. School Counselors are in a unique position to alter the trajectory of success for Black males if they are knowledgeable of factors contributing to Black male academic success; have an awareness of the potential impact their unique roles can have; and develop and execute comprehensive, culturally responsive school counseling programs. While there is little research on the Achievement Gap in the Bahamas, much of the research in America has been conducted from a deficit perspective. This study uses a strength based perspective to identify and compare factors contributing to academic success in Black male high school students in the Bahamas and the United States and suggest a framework for responsive school counseling programs. Study results indicated that school counselors in the Bahamas and the United States were ineffective in meeting the needs of Black male students. These needs included supportive teachers, friends, parents and community mentors; a socially responsive school environment; being liked, accepted and appreciated; high teacher expectations; self-reliance (resilience), perseverance; a sense of hope and a purpose; and spirituality. Study results were analyzed from an ecological perspective and a comprehensive, culturally relevant framework was suggested to assist school counselors develop programs that are responsive to the needs of their Black, male, high school students.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Exum, Herbert
Commitee: Closson, Rosemary, Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre, Henry, Wilma, Kromrey, Jeffrey
School: University of South Florida
Department: Psychological and Social Foundations
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: DAI-A 74/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: School counseling
Keywords: Academic acheivement, Achievement gap, Black males, Ecological theory, Resilience, School counseling
Publication Number: 3558283
ISBN: 978-1-303-02664-5
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