This paper examines modern maritime piracy, with a focus on Somalia piracy, to determine the frequency of attacks, longitudinal trends of piracy attacks, and predict future levels of attacks utilizing historical data from 1992 to 2010 provided by the International Maritime Bureaus Piracy Reporting Center (IMB-PRC). Somalia piracy attacks from 2000 to 2010 were longitudinally examined in greater detail by vessel type to simulate differences in victimization according to Cohen and Felson's routine activities theory, while controlling for the effect of population by using fare data from the Suez Canal Authority to simulate population data. The longitudinal data was also examined to determine how time affected Somalia piracy victimization and predict future levels of attacks. These results were generated using ordinary least square regressions (OLS) to focus on victimization. Somalia piracy attack location and year data were mapped onto a heat map for each year from 2000-2010 to show the location and intensity of attacks where elements of routine activities were present (no capable guardian, suitable victim, and offender) by year. All results show Somalia piracy is increasing with time and this increase is shown in almost all vessel types included in the study. Additionally, piracy and armed robberies are increasing worldwide, not just in Somalia waters. Somalia piracy attacks have varied with time and results regarding the increase and type of ships pirated somewhat mirrored other research on worldwide piracy, particularly in regards to upward trends and where containerships were frequently singled out for victimization in excess of other peer ship types (Mejia, Carou and Wollff, 2009; Worall, 2000).
|Commitee:||Beaver, Kevin, Cochran, Lillian|
|Department:||School of Public Service Leadership|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||African Studies, Criminology, Transportation planning|
|Keywords:||Crime, Maritime piracy, Ordinary least square regression, Routine activities theory, Somalia, Victimization|
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