In this study, the relationship of the oral anatomy and performance skills of trumpet players is examined. Seventy-one subjects were recruited from trumpet students at twelve universities in the Midwest. The study took place in three phases: 1) questionnaire and recording sessions; 2) oral examination; and 3) analysis and reporting. In Phase 1, after given a questionnaire on their musical and medical background, participants played a series of exercises demonstrating selected performance skills (tone production, flexibility, articulation, range, intonation, and endurance) on their instruments while being audio and video recorded. Recordings were analyzed using computer software (MatLAB and Audacity) to derive numerical scores. In phase 2, oral anatomy (dental structure, volume of airways, and facial morphology) of the participants was examined using a three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomogram (a three-dimensional x-ray), and three-dimensional photographs at the Indiana University School of Dentistry Orthodontics and Oral Facial Genetics Department. Images obtained from these devices allowed craniofacial measurements such as length, width, inclination, crowding of the teeth; volume of the oral and nasal cavity, sinuses, and pharynxes; thickness and width of the lips, distances across the face; and others. In phase 3, extensive statistical analyses were conducted to examine relationships among questionnaire, skills test, and oral anatomy measures. Techniques such as multiple regression, MANCOVA, canonical correlation, data visualization , among others, were used to associate physical characteristics important to successful trumpet performance.
|Commitee:||Miller Kula, Katherine Sue, Milligan, Terence|
|School:||University of Cincinnati|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Music, Music education, Dentistry|
|Keywords:||Dental, Music performance research, Music physical talent, Oral anatomy, Teeth, Trumpet|
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