Despite extensive prevention efforts, HIV and AIDS continue to affect the lives of many. The purpose of this project was to develop an HIV/AIDS prevention model for Latino adolescents and their parents in the form of a comprehensive literature review. An overview of HIV/AIDS is provided, including transmission, course of the disease, and neuropsychological effects. A thorough examination of widespread Latin American cultural constructs is provided, including machismo, marianismo, familismo, respeto, simpatia, personalismo, religion and spirituality, and homophobia. Various theories on male and female adolescent development are explored. An assessment of the limitations of past and current HIV/AIDS prevention programs is provided, including condom distribution, school-based sex education, and abstinence models. Prevention models that are specifically tailored for Latino adolescents are reviewed. Next, an overview of HIV/AIDS prevention models that emphasize parental participation and involvement was provided, along with empirical evidence that supports a reduction in sexual risk behavior in Latino adolescents. Clinical implications and treatment considerations were also explored, in order to encourage mental health practitioners to apply the prevention model in their clinical work with Latino adolescents and their parents.
Keywords: abstinence, adolescence, AIDS, condoms, female, HIV, Latino, male, parental participation, prevention, prevention programs, sex education, sexual behavior.
|Advisor:||Burke, Elaine, Theodore, Peter|
|Commitee:||Meaux, Louis, Mejia, Maribel, Rivera, Manuel, Zaldivar, Richard|
|School:||Alliant International University|
|Department:||Los Angeles CSPP|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 74/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American Studies, Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology, Individual & family studies, Hispanic American studies|
|Keywords:||Adolescence, Aids, Hiv, Latino, Parental participation, Prevention|
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