Previous studies of the "leveraged affordances" approach to collective action have only studied the communicative costs of collective action. This thesis takes the next step by applying affordances literature to high-risk contention. By utilizing illustrative case studies, the thesis analyzes the leveraged affordances approach within the context of the Arab Spring. This thesis holds that there are three general ways in which states may increase the cost of collective action, whether or not activists take advantage of lowered communication costs: concessions, exacerbating ethnic and religious tensions, and violence.
|Commitee:||Bailard, Catie S.|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|Department:||Media and Public Affairs|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 51/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Communication, Political science|
|Keywords:||Affordances, Arab Spring, Collective action, Contention, Digital media, Risk|
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