Many individuals have experienced a transformation of their spirituality after a near-death experience (NDE). Some of these near-death experiencers (NDErs) have reported an incongruous spiritual experience (ISE) during their NDEs. An incongruous spiritual experience occurs when NDErs perceive certain communications and/or visions that are incompatible or inconsistent with their previous religious/spiritual beliefs. In the present study the researcher examined NDE and ISE-related phenomena utilizing the qualitative techniques of heuristic analysis. An initial pool of 84 survey participants completed Greyson's NDE Scale and a questionnaire developed by the researcher to measure various elements of an incongruous spiritual experience. Subsequently, eight participants were interviewed utilizing Moustakas's heuristic analysis to investigate their NDE/ISE-related experiences. The results indicated that each participant altered or changed their religious/spiritual beliefs after coping with varying intensities of cognitive dissonance. Therefore, it was concluded that the participants' reports of incongruous elements during their NDEs were spiritually transformative.
|Commitee:||Krippner, Stanley, Williams, Willson|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religion, Personality psychology, Spirituality|
|Keywords:||Altered states of consciousness, Cognitive dissonance, Incongruous spiritual experience, Near-death experience, Out of body experience, Spiritually transformative experience|
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