COMING SOON! PQDT Open is getting a new home!

ProQuest Open Access Dissertations & Theses will remain freely available as part of a new and enhanced search experience at

Questions? Please refer to this FAQ.

Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Spiritual aftereffects of incongruous near-death experiences: A heuristic approach
by Waxman, Robert, Ph.D., Saybrook University, 2012, 180; 3552161
Abstract (Summary)

Many individuals have experienced a transformation of their spirituality after a near-death experience (NDE). Some of these near-death experiencers (NDErs) have reported an incongruous spiritual experience (ISE) during their NDEs. An incongruous spiritual experience occurs when NDErs perceive certain communications and/or visions that are incompatible or inconsistent with their previous religious/spiritual beliefs. In the present study the researcher examined NDE and ISE-related phenomena utilizing the qualitative techniques of heuristic analysis. An initial pool of 84 survey participants completed Greyson's NDE Scale and a questionnaire developed by the researcher to measure various elements of an incongruous spiritual experience. Subsequently, eight participants were interviewed utilizing Moustakas's heuristic analysis to investigate their NDE/ISE-related experiences. The results indicated that each participant altered or changed their religious/spiritual beliefs after coping with varying intensities of cognitive dissonance. Therefore, it was concluded that the participants' reports of incongruous elements during their NDEs were spiritually transformative.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: McAndrews, Robert
Commitee: Krippner, Stanley, Williams, Willson
School: Saybrook University
Department: Human Science
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 74/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Religion, Personality psychology, Spirituality
Keywords: Altered states of consciousness, Cognitive dissonance, Incongruous spiritual experience, Near-death experience, Out of body experience, Spiritually transformative experience
Publication Number: 3552161
ISBN: 978-1-267-90474-4
Copyright © 2021 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Cookie Policy