Imposition of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on large public corporations has resulted in a significant increase in accounting, auditing, and reporting costs for the corporations affected. Although nonprofit organizations are exempt from that act, the potential for enacting similar legislation that would apply to them grows as questions about the integrity and professionalism of management in that sector arise. For some private, nonprofit higher education institutions, a significant increase in cost structure occasioned by such a new legislative regimen could be disastrous, since many of these institutions depend almost entirely upon tuition, fees and gift revenue for their financial well-being. Such unintended consequences, as well as the costs and benefits of such legislation, should be considered if future legislatures consider passage of similar acts.
This comparative quantitative study of a California state-imposed regulatory scheme (the California Nonprofit Integrity Act, or CNIA) modeled on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act provided evidence of how such a new mandate may drive up costs in the private higher education sector. Audit fee data from each of 64 private, nonprofit colleges in California was collected for the five years prior to and following the implementation of the CNIA, and the mean change in audit fees for the periods was calculated. Additionally, parallel data was gathered from each of 64 private, nonprofit colleges in Pennsylvania for the same periods, and mean change in audit fees for the periods was calculated. There was a significant impact on audit fees in California, t(126) = 2.70. p<.05, which indicated that the mean annual fee increases were higher in the period after the imposition of the CNIA than in the congruent period prior to its imposition.
Future research is still needed to expand the knowledge base in this area. Other states besides California have taken more limited steps to increase regulation in the nonprofit sector, and the impact of those states' regulatory regimen should be explored. A further study of the CNIA undertaken with additional years' data will also provide further data regarding its longer-term effect upon the higher education sector.
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Accounting, Education finance, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Audit fees, California Nonprofit Integrity Act, Nonprofit regulation, Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Tax-exempt|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be