This study focuses on the results of increased language contact on Spanish loanword adaptation in Copala Triqui at the segmental and prosodic levels. Data from field notes and publications from the 1960s and 1970s were compared to modern 21st century loanword adaptations in 80+ hours of radio broadcasts and recorded elicitations in personal fieldwork in Mexico, Central California and Albany, NY. The overarching goal is to identify a wide range of possible phonetic adaptations at the segmental and prosodic levels and track the possible effects of increased bilingualism on these adaptations. From there it attempts to hypothesize what phonetic variation may indicate more generalized contact induced change in Copala Triqui.
The results indicate that closed systems such as segmental and prosodic inventories are resistant to contact induced change. In this case study, even though bilinguals are able to produce foreign sounds in the context of loanwords, more consistent use of foreign sounds happens as a result of internal shifts in progress. In order to understand segmental shift it is useful to look at the phonetic system as a whole rather than at the possible importation of individual phonemes. In the case of Triqui, the obstruents and rhotics may be on their way to converging with the Spanish obstruent and rhotic systems.
At the prosodic level it is clear that adaptation follows more stringent rules and shows much less variation. Four different patterns of stress in Spanish -ultimate, penultimate, antepenultimate and ultimate stress with sibilant coda- translate into four consistent tone patterns with no exceptions. The only confirmed shift is the reduction of historically complex loanwords with multiple lexically-linked tones to simple words with one word-final tone, a process that is relatively common in this language. Only recently do two innovations in adaptation occur: the first is a new tone pattern accompanied by a word-final aspirated laryngeal and the second is a possible maintenance of Spanish stress. The cause of these two innovative adaptation patterns has not yet been determined but it is likely that they are related.
|Commitee:||Bickmore, Lee, Broadwell, Aaron, Westmoreland, Maurice|
|School:||State University of New York at Albany|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Sociolinguistics, Native American studies|
|Keywords:||Copala Triqui, Language contact, Loanwords, Phonetic variation, Spanish|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be