This thesis investigates the group identities of the earliest agriculturalists on the Colorado Plateau by examining how people expressed identity through textiles and sandals. The ways in which people choose to manufacture woven materials reflect social conditions, including group identity, in both time and space. Analysis of artifact manufacture techniques can reveal group identity because such identity is inherent in every step of the manufacture process. Technological methods of artifact manufacture tend to be learned and subsequently ingrained behaviors, passed from generation to generation, and shared by members in a group. Variations in textile production, therefore, can demonstrate group membership and regional differences between groups.
My research is a regional comparative analysis of textiles and sandals from rockshelter sites across the Colorado Plateau. The regions included in my sample include the Grand Gulch and Comb Ridge areas in southeastern Utah, the Glen Canyon area in southern Utah, the Canyon del Muerto area in northeastern Arizona, and the Black Mesa area in northeastern Arizona.
My research reveals shared attributes within Basketmaker II textiles and sandals across the northern Southwest. The artifacts, however, exhibit important regional variation as well. These results suggest that Basketmaker II identity appears to manifest as a process of shared practices but also regional distinctiveness.
|Advisor:||Smiley, Francis E.|
|Commitee:||Hays-Gilpin, Kelley A., Vasquez, Miguel L., Webster, Laurie D.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 51/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Archaeology, Textile Research|
|Keywords:||Arizona, Basketmaker, Southwest archaeology, Textile analysis, Utah|
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