Youth suicide is a public health issue and the second leading cause of death for young Iowans ages 15 to 24 years, with young males six times more likely to die than their female peers (Iowa Department of Public Health, 2009). Suicide among adolescents is a complex issue, but there are patterns of individual, family, school, and community influences that contribute to the likelihood a young person will think about, plan, or attempt suicide. Examination of those patterns reveals that adolescent males have a different constellation of risk and protective factors impacting their likelihood of suicide (Kelly, Lynch, Donovan, & Clark, 2001) than adolescent females. Using Bronfenbrenner's (2005) bioecological model of human development, the purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the macrosystem of race/ethnicity, and the microsystems of individual (risk behaviors of substance use and anti-social choices, and resilient behavior of self-determination), family (family engagement), school (school connectedness), and community (community support) predicted the suicide behaviors of intent or attempt in 11 th grade males in the state of Iowa. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated each of the variables was predictive of either suicide intent or attempt, with substance use, anti-social choices, self-determination, family engagement, and school connectedness predictive of both of the suicidal behaviors. This study provides information about predictors of suicidal behaviors among young males, which can lead to the development of targeted strategies for prevention. Recommendations for policy and practice are provided for individual, family, school, and community interventions.
|Advisor:||Cooper, Robyn M.|
|Commitee:||Peters, Randal, Stensrud, Robert|
|School Location:||United States -- Iowa|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Social work, School counseling|
|Keywords:||Adolescent males, Community, Family, High school males, Suicide prevention, Survey research|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be