Originating in a 2,500-year-old Buddhist tradition, mindfulness practice has become an accepted psychotherapeutic intervention in Western psychology. Research has established that brief mindfulness interventions can reduce psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived stress in clinical populations and among healthy employees in Caucasian samples (Carmody & Baer, 2009). Recently, mindfulness research has progressed from outcome research to process research. New theory and assessment measures permit study of sub facets of mindfulness, allowing researchers to examine how changes in wellbeing are brought about in mindfulness interventions (Baer et al., 2006). Existing research suggests that rumination and psychological flexibility may act as mediators between facets of mindfulness and distress symptoms following mindfulness training.
The present study was designed to (a) replicate benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in a community sample of healthcare employees in Bogota, Colombia, a new population and geographical area; (b) examine the efficacy of a 4-week mindfulness intervention in reducing depression, anxiety, and perceived stress; and (c) test suggestions that rumination and psychological flexibility may act as mediators between facets of mindfulness and psychological symptom change.
Working healthcare professionals (N = 83) employed at La Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota (FSFB) in Bogota, Colombia, participated in a randomized, waitlist controlled study. Pre- and post-assessments of depression, anxiety, somatization, global symptoms, perceived stress, rumination, psychological flexibility, curiosity, and five facets of mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-reactivity, and non-judging) were conducted.
Results revealed significant reductions in anxiety, depression, somatization, and perceived stress as well as significant increases in the mindfulness facets of observing and nonjudging. Furthermore, the results suggest that reduced perceived stress and increased psychological flexibility mediated between increased mindfulness (observing and nonjudging) and reduced global symptoms.
The findings suggest that 4-week mindfulness interventions (in place of 8-week training) may be an effective means of improving wellbeing among busy working professionals. Further, changes in observing and nonjudging may be the active mindfulness components in this short intervention. Finally, reductions in perceived stress and increases in psychological flexibility may mediate the effects of mindfulness on symptom reduction. Future research on the sequencing of involvement of mindfulness facets in training and symptom change are called for.
|School:||California Institute of Integral Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 74/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Healthcare professionals, Mindfulness, Stress|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be