In an attempt to understand factors that promote and inhibit American study abroad students' interactions with hosts, this study explored variables intrinsic to the sojourner (perceived cultural similarity and ethnocentrism) as well as program characteristics (program type and program length) that may influence American study abroad students' interactions with host nationals. Former study abroad students (N = 306) responded to an online survey, which assessed the degree of perceived cultural similarity, ethnocentrism, program type, length of study abroad program, quantity of interactions with hosts, and perceived quality interactions with hosts. Results indicated a positive correlation between perceived cultural similarity and both quantity and quality of interaction with hosts and a negative correlation between ethnocentrism and both quantity and quality of sojourner-host interaction. Results further indicate that students who participate in full-immersion programs engage in a greater quantity interactions with hosts than those who participate in satellite programs; however, no significant difference was observed for the perceived quality of these interactions. Similarly, students who participated in year-long programs interacted more frequently with hosts than did those who participated in semester-long and short-term programs. Again, no significant differences were found for the quality of these interactions.
|Advisor:||McPherson, Mary B.|
|Commitee:||Cargile, Aaron C., McPherson, Mary B., Young, Stacy L.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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