Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship between Self-Esteem, Online Peer Influence, Social Networking Site Usage and Body Satisfaction for Teen Girls in the United States
by Heiken, Elisa, Psy.D., Alliant International University, 2012, 90; 3543154
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this research is to examine SNS usage and its relationship to the self-esteem, body image, and online peer influence of teen users in the United States. A correlational study was conducted in order to determine if there are differences between groups of adolescent girls on measures of self-esteem, body image, and online peer influence, relative to their SNS usage. In the present study, the SNS usage habits of teens between the ages of 14 and 16 were assessed through an online survey. A total of 62 teens participated by completing an SNS usage questionnaire, The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, Body Areas Satisfaction Scale, Appearance Conversations With Friends (original and online version), Friends as a Source of Influence Scale (original and online version), and The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (original and online version). Results found that: (1) self-esteem scores significantly predicted body image; (2) online body peer influence was not significantly related to body dissatisfaction; (3) the interaction effect between online body peer influence and self-esteem was not related to body dissatisfaction; (4) when accounted for separately, the only significant predictors were self-esteem and reporting more female Friends. The results suggest that clinicians should pay attention to how body image and self-esteem are related to SNS usage for their particular client. Since new features are implemented daily, the ways in which teens use SNSs can vary greatly and depend on the individual. SNSs are dynamically changing by the day, and thus so are the ways in which teens use and interact with them, and therefore how they connect with their peers.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Blum, Stephen
Commitee: Casey, Shannon, Wyatt, Randall
School: Alliant International University
Department: San Francisco, CSPP
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 74/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology
Keywords: Body image, Bosy satisfaction, Cyberpsychology, Facebook, Internet, Online peer influence, Social networking sites
Publication Number: 3543154
ISBN: 978-1-267-71812-9
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