Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Dream content of male-to-female postoperative transsexuals
by Caruso, Steven Jeffrey, Ph.D., Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012, 97; 3531918
Abstract (Summary)

This dissertation compared dream content of postoperative male-to-female (MtF) transsexuals to Hall and Van de Castle's 1966 and Domhoff s 1996 male and female normative samples and to Krippner, Lenz, Barksdale, and Davidson's 1974 preoperative male-to-female transsexuals dream study. The hypothesis proposed that MtFs' dream content would score closer to Hall and Van de Castle's female norms than their male norms. A total of 30 dreams were scored from 6 adult MtFs, with each participant providing at least five dreams ranging from 50 to 300 words.

Among the 21 scoring comparisons chosen to test this study's hypothesis, MtFs' scores were either neutral or favored female norms 62% of the time. Statistical significance was found between MtFs' scores and both male and female norms 6 times. Dreams with at least one sexual activity reached significance compared to both norms. Compared to male norms, significance was observed for percentage of male characters to female characters per dream and settings familiar to the dreamer. Compared to female norms, significance was found in dreams with indoor settings and with at least one reported success or failure motif. The final statistically significant comparison to females was the report of body parts per dream, which includes torso, anatomy, and sexual body parts. Body parts also approached statistical significance when compared to male norms. The researcher proposed that the greater prevalence of body parts reported in MtFs' dreams compared to Hall and Van de Castle's male and female norms (22% more prevalent than in the male norms and 33% more prevalent than in the female norms), may be due to the years that many MtFs devote to changing their bodies and mannerisms.

Similar to the preoperatives in Krippner et al.'s 1974 study, this study's subjects reported higher numbers of children and adolescents compared to Hall and Van de Castle's male and female norms. Likewise, preoperatives and postoperatives consistently scored correspondingly above or below Hall and Van de Castle's male and female norms within the Characters category, which includes adults, males, adolescents, children, indefinite sex, or joint sex (label limited to groups).

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kipnis, Aaron
Commitee: Koukis, Marena, Pye, Lori
School: Pacifica Graduate Institute
Department: Clinical Psychology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 74/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: LGBTQ studies, Clinical psychology, Gender studies
Keywords: Dream content, Gender, Male-to-female transsexuals, Transgender
Publication Number: 3531918
ISBN: 978-1-267-74291-9
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