Recognition and research of American Sign Language and Deaf culture have led to development of the scholarly field of Deaf studies. Several seminal events have contributed to the advancement of professionals as sign language and Deaf culture specialists in teaching or interpreting American Sign Language (ASL). The roots of the Deaf community were examined in terms of membership, historical influences, cultural values, and organizations. Cultural behaviors and expectations surfaced as a result of the Deaf heritage and world viewpoints that can affect interactions in organizations. Professional associations were examined through the lens of organization and leadership theories. Major international professional associations, such as the American Sign Language Teachers Association, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, and Conference of Interpreter Trainers, can present challenges to leaders because personalities and work styles must be made to interact cross-culturally. Relationships among the three areas of Deaf culture, leadership, and professional associations were examined by comparing small sample groups of Deaf leaders, hearing leaders with no Deaf family members, and hearing leaders with Deaf family members. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior instruments were used to compare types, styles, and demographic variables. No particular dominant types or styles were found among the groups but some commonalities were found. The most common type for all three groups was that of Introversion-Sensing-Thinking-Judging (ISTJ). Demographic variables only served to demarcate sharply the three groups.
|School:||Union Institute and University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational leadership, Personality psychology, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||American Sign Language, Deaf, FIRO-B, Leadership, MBTI, Professional associations|
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