The purpose of this study was to determine whether lower levels of physical activity are associated with increased diagnoses of gestational diabetes mellitus among African American women. Additionally, to examine whether unsafe neighborhoods influence levels of physical activity and indirectly influence gestational diabetes mellitus. Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey was used. Hypothesis 1 predicted that African American women with lower levels of physical activity have higher diagnoses of gestational diabetes mellitus than those with higher levels. Hypothesis 2 predicted that unsafe neighborhoods act as a barrier to exercise and are associated with lower levels of physical activity and increased diagnoses of gestational diabetes mellitus. The results did not demonstrate a significant relationship between level of physical activity and gestational diabetes mellitus. Therefore, hypothesis 1 was not supported. Hypothesis 2 was partially supported as there was a positive relationship between neighborhood safety and vigorous physical activity.
|Commitee:||Acosta-Deprez, Veronica, Reynolds, Grace, Sinay, Tony|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Health Care Administration|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public health, Epidemiology|
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