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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Hopelessness and diabetes: Do Hispanic diabetic patients feel less hopeless eating fruits, vegetables and exercising regularly?
by Zelaya, Guadalupe Susana, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2012, 48; 1520938
Abstract (Summary)

This research investigates the relationship between diabetes and hopelessness as a depression symptom among Hispanics. Studies reveal a high prevalence of diabetes among Hispanics and suggest that depression can lead to diabetes as diabetes can lead to depression. Depression is associated with lower diet quality and low levels of physical activity. This study hypothesized that among Latino diabetic patients, those who eat fruit would report less hopelessness, those who eat vegetables would report less hopelessness, and those who do moderate physical activity would report less hopelessness. The study employed chi-square tests and one-way ANOVA analysis to test these hypotheses. The 2009 California Health Interview Study narrowed down valid respondents to 5,753. Results revealed that 742 respondents learned that they had diabetes through their physicians; while 72 had been informed they had borderline or pre-diabetes. One-way ANOVA yielded a significant level of p = .133 for the second hypothesis, p = .116 for the third hypothesis, and p = .124 for the fourth hypothesis, suggesting no statistically significant difference of mean hopelessness among Latino diabetics who ate fruits and vegetables and did moderate physical activities and those who did not.

One reason for the lack of significant findings may be the short reporting period (last month) used for the diet and physical exercise variables

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Reynolds, Grace
Commitee: Acosta-Deprez, Veronica, Sinay, Tony
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Health Care Administration
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 51/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Nutrition, Public health, Health care management
Publication Number: 1520938
ISBN: 978-1-267-70335-4
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