This thesis presents a synthetic method for alkanethiolate-functionalized Pd nanoparticles that are efficient catalysts for the isomerization of various allyl alcohols to their corresponding carbonyl compounds. Pd nanoparticles are produced by the borohydride reduction of K2PdCl4 in toluene/H2O using sodium S-dodecylthiosulfate as a source for the stabilizing ligands. The monolayer-capped Pd nanoparticles from sodium S-dodecylthiosulfate are quite comparable in composition (dodecylthiolate) and core size with those previously prepared from dodecanethiol. However, the catalytic activity of Pd nanoparticles generated from S-dodecylthiosulfate is found to be significantly greater than that of Pd nanoparticles prepared from dodecanethiol. Furthermore, the mechanism of the catalytic reactions and the regioselectivity of Pd nanoparticles in different environments are studied by changing the amount of H2 gas, the type of solvent used for the catalytic reactions and the use of ligands with different chain length. Lastly, the high stability of homogeneous nanocatalysts is demonstrated by recycling dodecanethiolate-capped Pd nanoparticles over ten times for the isomerization reaction of allyl alcohol.
|Commitee:||Bu, Xianhui, Maricich, Tom J.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be