Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal infection that occurs in neonates worldwide. The etiology of NEC is thought to be multifactorial with several contributing risk factors. The relationship between feedings and NEC is explored in this study. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of exclusively human milk, exclusively formula, and a combination of both types of nutrition on the incidence of NEC in the low-birth-weight, premature infant population.
The design of the study was a nonexperimental correlational retrospective chart review of all infants born weighing less than 1,500 grams between July 2010 and September 2011. A total of 17 5 charts were reviewed, and 120 infants met inclusion criteria. NEC occurred in 4.9% of infants who received exclusively human milk, in 28.6% of infants who received exclusively formula, and in 8.3% of infants who received both human milk and formula.
|Commitee:||Kalowes, Peggy, Singh-Carlson, Savitri|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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