The present study examined napping in the workplace as an invisible stigmatized behavior by exploring work-related consequences to napping in the workplace, as well as possible moderators. The sample consisted of 140 psychology students who worked at least part-time from a large, public Southern California university. Participants responded to two online surveys spaced 3 days apart. In the pretest survey, the researcher assessed participants' nap habit and work ethic. In the posttest survey, participants first read a scenario of a fictitious worker who either napped or read a magazine during his lunch break. Organizational policy (pro-nap vs. control) was also manipulated in the scenario. Participants were then asked to rate the worker's employment-related outcomes (i.e., opportunities for promotion, performance evaluation and projected career progress) as well as personality. Hypothesis 1 predicted unfavorable perceptions of the "nap" worker compared with the "awake" worker. Hypothesis 2 predicted a moderating effect of a pro-napping organizational policy. Both of these hypotheses were not supported. Hypothesis 3 and Hypothesis 4 predicted moderating effects of raters' own nap habit and work ethic, respectively. These hypotheses were partially supported, but the results were in the opposite direction of predictions. Therefore, the researcher explored three-way interaction effects between the fictitious worker's nap status, organizational policy, and raters' work ethic on two outcomes (perceived activity and interpersonal characteristics). The three-way interactions were supported and mostly consistent with logical expectations (e.g., when there was no clear organizational policy regarding napping, raters with higher work ethic frowned upon a nap worker whereas raters with lower work ethic viewed the napper more positively; however, a pro-nap company practice changed these rating patterns). Implications and potential future research were discussed.
|Advisor:||Nguyen, Hannah-Hanh D.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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