Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Second generation Latinos and the perceived barriers to college enrollment
by Swenson, Mitchell D., Ed.D., California State University, Long Beach, 2012, 119; 3530679
Abstract (Summary)

This quantitative study examined a secondary data set from the Pew Hispanic Research Center and the Kaiser Family Foundation on Education from 2004 to find the relationship between perceived barriers and linguistic acculturation, socioeconomic status, bilingual abilities, generational status, and academic achievement for second generation Latinos compared to first and third generation Latinos. Through multinomial logistic regression analysis, results indicated that second generation Latinos, especially bilingual Latinos, perceived greater barriers to emolling in higher education and completing a college degree. Included in this study are recommendations and implications for future research.

First and second-generation participants perceived several barriers as either major or minor reasons for why Latinos do not enter college or fail to complete a degree. Participants from high socioeconomic status, who were first and second generation, and had a high academic achievement perceived the cost of tuition as a major reason why Latinos do not enter or fail to finish college. Receiving a poor high school education was a major reason for participants from high linguistic acculturation, high socioeconomic status, and who were first or second-generation. Discrimination, believing that people do not need a college degree to be successful, and staying close to family were minor reasons for Latinos to not enroll in college. Cost of tuition was a minor reason for bilingual, second generation, high academic achievement, and high socioeconomic status participants instead of not a reason at all. Most participants were likely to identify one of the barriers as either major or minor instead of not a reason at all.

This study showed that understanding perceived barriers for Latinos to higher education could provide the tools needed to change the trend for Hispanics in the United States. Administrators, counselors, policy makers, educators, parents, and students, working together, could help Latinos enroll in college and complete a college degree. Perceived barriers can become a reality or a myth, depending on what we choose to do to clarify or eliminate misperceptions of Latinos concerning a college education.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Murray, John P.
School: California State University, Long Beach
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational leadership, Hispanic American studies, Higher education
Keywords: College enrollment, Latino, Perceived barriers, Second-generation immigrants
Publication Number: 3530679
ISBN: 978-1-267-70363-7
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