Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Relationships between supervisory working alliance, counselor self-efficacy, and successful client outcomes, and in state/federal rehabilitation counseling system
by McCarthy, Amanda Kelly, Ed.D., Northern Illinois University, 2012, 183; 3540585
Abstract (Summary)

Clinical supervision is used in professional counseling as a method of training students and protecting client welfare. According to research on the topic of rehabilitation counseling clinical supervision, many rehabilitation counselors employed in the state/federal rehabilitation counseling system do not receive regular clinical supervision that focuses on counselor skills and their work with clients. Further, there seems to be confusion among counselors and supervisors in the state/federal system about on what constitutes clinical supervision. It is reasonable to question the client services provided by rehabilitation counselors not receiving quality supervision. Specifically, clients of the state/federal rehabilitation counseling system have cited "lack of counseling skills" as a major complaint of working with their rehabilitation counselor. Further, rehabilitation counseling research also links counselor-client therapeutic relationship with successful counseling outcomes. Despite the importance of clinical supervision, research has not examined the supervision related factors that predict successful case closures or counselor self-efficacy for counseling in the state/federal rehabilitation counseling system.

The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the relationship between supervisory working alliance, counselor self-efficacy, and number of successful client outcomes. For the purpose of this study, successful client outcomes and counselor self-efficacy was used as outcome measures of the supervision process. A 75-item survey containing a measure of working alliance (Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory - Trainee (SWAI-T), a measure of counselor self-efficacy (Counseling Self Estimate Inventory (COSE), number of successful client outcomes, and demographic variables was distributed to counselors employed in five randomly selected states. A total of 166 complete surveys were returned.

Supervisory working alliance composite and counselor self-efficacy composite were not significant predictors of the number of successful client outcomes a counselor achieved for the sample. For individuals with two or fewer years of employment at their current agency, supervisory working alliance significantly predicted the number of successful client outcomes. Further, supervisory working alliance was not a significant predictor of self-efficacy. Several demographic variables (i.e., age, certification as a rehabilitation counselor, male gender, lifetime years employed as a rehabilitation counselor, years employed in agency), COSE Microskills Subscale, and COSE Dealing With Difficult Client Behavior Subscale were significantly positively correlated with number of successful client outcomes.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Rush, Lee Covington
Commitee: Lauka, Justin, Pender, Deb, Smith, Thomas
School: Northern Illinois University
Department: Counseling, Adult and Higher Education
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Mental health, Physical therapy, Counseling Psychology
Keywords: Client outcomes, Clinical supervision, Rehabilitation counseling, Self-efficacy
Publication Number: 3540585
ISBN: 978-1-267-65827-2
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