Empowerment has been showing to mediate the levels of burnout in employees. Leadership has been correlated with levels of burnout in athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects on perceived empowerment of the coaches' leadership style on burnout levels in female team-sport college athletes. The research hypotheses were as follows: Leadership style will be correlated with burnout. Leadership style will be correlated with psychological empowerment. Leadership style and burnout will be mediated by psychological empowerment. The study used a correlational design with a mediational model tested by a stepwise regression. The variables tested in this study were leadership, perceived empowerment, and burnout levels and were measured using the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (M = 33.84, SD = 9.04), Empowering Leadership Questionnaire (M = 38.39, SD = 8.04), and the Perceived Empowerment Scale (M = 87.05, SD = 11.39). Participants also provided demographic information, and athletic status. Results: Hypotheses 1 and 2 were supported with leadership being negatively correlated with burnout and positively correlated with psychological empowerment (r = −.52, p < .05; r = .46, p < .05). Hypothesis 3 was supported by a stepwise regression that showed a 17.8% reduction in variance accounted for by leadership in burnout after controlling for psychological empowerment, F (2, 82) = 25.49, p < .05).
|Commitee:||De Vito, Eve, McMannus, Emma, Pettinger, Terri, Scott, Claire, Washburn, Christian|
|School:||Alliant International University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral psychology, Sports Management, Womens studies, Occupational psychology|
|Keywords:||Burnout, Empowerment, Female athletes, Leadership, Prevention, Team sports, Women athletes|
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