Relict agricultural terraces, although difficult to date, are features of the Greek landscape that reflect the expansion of cultivation at various times in the past and can, in some circumstances, suggest the nature of agricultural regimes at particular moments in the past. The data presented in this dissertation document agricultural terraces at and in the vicinity of the important Mycenaean settlement of Korphos-Kalamianos in the southeastern Corinthia. My data, together with that collected through an intensive archaeological surface survey conducted under the auspices of the Saronic Harbors Archaeological Research Project, suggest that the earliest phase of terracing in the area dates to the Late Bronze Age, when the Mycenaean palaces of the Argolid were at the height of their power. I suggest that the palace at Mycenae then controlled and exploited the agricultural resources of the region and that the palace contributed labor and technical skills for the construction of these terraces. By so doing, Mycenae played an active role in expanding the amount of land that could be cultivated and in determining the way in which the land could be farmed. I argue that the relationship between Mycenae and Korphos was closer than between Mycenae and other parts of its hinterland.
|Advisor:||Davis, Jack L.|
|Commitee:||Hatzaki, Eleni, Tartaron, Thomas F., Walberg, Gisela|
|School:||University of Cincinnati|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Archaeology, Cultural anthropology, Classical Studies|
|Keywords:||Agricultural terraces, Field systems, Greece, Greek archaeology, Land use, Landscape, Mycenaean agriculture, Prehistoric agriculture|
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