Studies demonstrate that both genetic and environmental effects (and their interactions) contribute to the development of depression. One plausible environmental mechanism for the familial transmission of depressive disorders is the deleterious effects of parental depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. The present study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Laboratory Parenting Assessment Battery (Lab-PAB), an observational rating system for evaluating the parenting of depressed parents of young children. Dyadic parent-child interaction was assessed observationally among a community sample of 157 families (mothers, fathers, and their 3- to 6-year-old biological children). Parenting behaviors were coded using a comprehensive rating system developed for the present study that assessed a broad range of potentially relevant constructs drawn from the parenting and depression literature. A series of psychometrically informed data reduction strategies ultimately resulted in 5 reliable parenting scales (Involvement, Positivity, Hostility, Intrusiveness, Discipline). The parenting scales demonstrated convergence with measures of related constructs, discriminated among depressed and nondepressed parents, showed specificity for parental depression when other psychiatric disorders were considered, and predicted child adjustment 6 months after the parenting assessment. The Lab-PAB parenting scales developed in the present study will facilitate future investigations of the effects of parental depression on parenting across developmental periods, advance understanding of the mechanisms of the familial transmission of depression, and inform prevention and intervention efforts for this high-risk population.
|Advisor:||Durbin, C. Emily|
|Commitee:||Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay, McAdams, Dan, Mineka, Susan|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-B 74/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Individual & family studies|
|Keywords:||Observational, Parent-child relationship, Parental depression, Parenting|
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