Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Students' perceptions of the use of peer-to-peer ESL text chat: An introductory study
by Garratt, Dale Arthur, Ph.D., The University of New Mexico, 2012, 188; 3526886
Abstract (Summary)

Thousands of international ESL students come to the United States every year to learn English for the purpose of matriculating into an American university. Teaching these diverse students can be a challenge for educators and despite the students' significant investment of time and money, many of them are inadequately prepared for the demands of university work. Text chat has been studied by some scholars as a means of assisting ESL students to write more effectively. However, greater understanding is needed of the affective experiences and perceptions of students toward peer-to-peer ESL text chat. That is the thrust of this study, which utilized Livemocha, a free international text chat program. Several striking findings were made, two of which were that all students reported enjoyment of the text chat experience and all students reported increased confidence to write in English as a result of their participation in the research. This study draws heavily on the sociocultural theory of Lev Vygotsky, especially his theories of the zone of proximal development and perezhivanie . His work illuminates the findings of this study and the study also demonstrates the vitality of Vygotsky's thought in the 21st century. In addition to providing insight into students' perspectives on peer-to-peer ESL text chat, a valuable tool to increase students' confidence to write in English has been made known.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Mahn, Holbrook
Commitee: Boverie, Patricia, Edmunds, Paul, Mitchell, Rose, Noll, Elizabeth
School: The University of New Mexico
Department: Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies
School Location: United States -- New Mexico
Source: DAI-A 74/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: English as a Second Language, Educational technology
Keywords: Constructivist model, ESL, Livemocha, Peer-to-peer, Text chat, Transmission model, Vygotsky, Lev Semenovich
Publication Number: 3526886
ISBN: 978-1-267-60969-4
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