This study investigates the influence of the hijab (the Islamic headscarf) on perceptions of attractiveness, intelligence, and employability among South Asian Muslim women in the United States (US) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The effects of religiosity and perceived discrimination were also examined. Results suggested that the hijab was a salient marker of in-group preferences for hijabis, but the lack of hijab was not necessarily a salient condition to promote in-group preferences for non-hijabis. Religiosity was highly correlated with personal hijab status; however, as a separate variable, religiosity did not have an effect on perceptions of attractiveness or intelligence, except in the UAE where participants who reported higher levels of religiosity rated photos of non-hijabis lower in attractiveness. US participants reported more discrimination than UAE participants. However, perceived discrimination only had a negative effect on ratings of employability among hijabis in the US, not among non-hijabis in the UAE.
|Commitee:||Pennington, M. Nan, Wolowitz, Leslie|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|Department:||International Psychology: Organizations and Systems Concentration|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-B 74/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religion, Social psychology, Islamic Studies, Comparative religion|
|Keywords:||Employability, Hijab, Intelligence, Islamic headscarf, Muslim women, Perceived discrimination, Perceptions of attractiveness, South asian women|
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