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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Economic self-sufficiency and resiliency among U.S. Virgin Islands TANF leavers
by Stephenson, Carolyn A., Ph.D., Capella University, 2012, 169; 3523883
Abstract (Summary)

The Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program emphasizes economic self-sufficiency through work obtainment. Research suggests that resiliency may assist adults in navigating the effects of poverty; however, it is unknown whether individuals who have obtained economic self-sufficiency following a TANF exit are resilient. This nonexperimental quantitative research study evaluated the relationship between economic self-sufficiency, as measured by the SELF92 Scale (Hawkins, 2002), and annual income levels, and resiliency, as measured by the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Connor & Davidson, 2003), among Afro Caribbean TANF leavers residing in the United States Virgin Islands. This study examined the poverty condition from a strengths perspective to investigate the transition to economic self-sufficiency following a TANF exit, using Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1977). Based upon a nonprobability, nonrandom, convenience sample, and the results of Person correlation analysis, the null hypothesis was accepted; there is no relationship between economic self-sufficiency and resiliency among Virgin Islanders following an exit from TANF. A correlation value of 1 was found, with a correlation coefficient value of .133, and p value of .436. ANOVA analysis found a significant relationship between resiliency scores and economic self-sufficiency groups, where F = .300 with 3 degrees of freedom between groups, and a statistical significance where p = 0.825. Based upon study findings, future research to identify resiliency traits among economically self-sufficient TANF leavers is recommended.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Martin, Magy, Franklin, Michael David
Commitee: Chenoweth, Lillian, Darnell, Jolee
School: Capella University
Department: School of Public Service Leadership
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-A 74/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Caribbean Studies, Womens studies, Public policy
Keywords: Afro Caribbean, Economic self-sufficiency, Poverty, Resiliency, Strengths perspective, TANF, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, United States Virgin Islands
Publication Number: 3523883
ISBN: 978-1-267-57358-2
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