This dissertation uses the advocacy coalition framework (ACF) to examine U.S. foreign policy applied to the question of Palestine from 1945 – November 1947. It includes seven chapters, four of which are empirical research on the issue. Chapter I is an introduction to the purpose of the research, a literature review of the ACF and a description of the purpose of the case study. Chapter II chronicles the development of Zionism and the objective of the recognition of a Jewish state, the British Mandate for Palestine, and the evolution of U.S. foreign policy culminating in the recognition of the state of Israel. Chapter III examines the beliefs and rationale of U.S. President Harry S. Truman to understand the development of U.S. Government policy towards Palestine as an alternative explanation of the ACF. It found that President Truman had a humanitarian rationale for understanding the problem of Jewish welfare and security applied to the Jewish Displaced Persons (DPs) in Europe after the Holocaust, but was influenced by domestic and international politics in supporting immigration of Jewish DPs to Palestine. Chapter IV identifies the advocacy coalition members from 1945 – November 1947 based upon their belief systems. It found that the polarity between the Arab coalition and the Zionist coalition was relatively stable over time, but the Zionist coalition merged with the Anglo-American coalition in 1946 and all of the coalitions faced some membership defection. Chapter V analyzes policy elite attention and found that policy elites pay greater attention to relatively stable parameters (e.g. Arab-Jewish conflict) than to external subsystem events (e.g. the Holocaust). Chapter VI identifies individual policy elites within coalitions using pooled panel data and examines the association between coalition membership and attention to various events external to the subsystem. It found that coalition membership effected attention to the Arab-Jewish conflict, but not to the other events external to the subsystem such as the Holocaust and elections. Lastly, a conclusion to the dissertation summarizes the findings, contributions to the ACF and the case study, limitations of all these chapters, as well as a brief outline of a future research agenda.
|Commitee:||Birkland, Thomas A., Gerber, Brian J., Weible, Christopher|
|School:||University of Colorado at Denver|
|School Location:||United States -- Colorado|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Middle Eastern Studies, International Relations, Political science, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Advocacy coalition framework, Belief systems, Israel, Mixed methods, Palestine, Policy elites, President harry truman, United States|
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