Elected public officials hold one of the highest levels of leadership. They are voted into office with the belief that they embody the ideals of a good leader and are charged with the all-encompassing task of making crucial decisions that affect all sectors of society and its constituents. There is pressure to produce results, maintain credibility in their performance, and build trust with constituents. It is essential that an assessment tool be used to help leaders gain perspective and understanding in determining the effectiveness of their leadership practices.
The opportunities to self-evaluate allow leaders to continuously refine their craft to improve their performance and, thus, better serve the needs of their constituents. In Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, no process exists to evaluate the effectiveness of leadership practices of elected public officials. The results of this study will not only contribute to the scarce literature of public officials in the region, but can also be used in the development of leadership in the region.
The purpose of this quantitative study was to identify and measure the leadership practices of 89 public officials using Kouzes and Posner's leadership model (Modeling the Way, Inspiring a Shared Vision, Challenging the Process, Enabling Others to Act, and Encouraging the Heart) and the Leadership Practices Inventory as the research instrument. This study also determined if there were differences in leadership practices based on demographic information (gender, age, ethnicity, number of years of service, education level, frequency of leadership training/development, and area of representation). Descriptive statistics determined the significance of differences between the variables derived from demographic information using ANOVA.
Twenty-six public officials voluntarily completed an online version of the LPI through Survey Monkey, including demographic information. Based on the findings, respondents scored "moderate" on the five leadership practices. The differences were in Modeling the Way and Enabling Others to Act based on frequency of participation in training/development activities. In Modeling the Way and Inspiring a Shared Vision, the differences were based on gender and area of representation. There were no differences in Challenging the Process and Encouraging the Heart.
|Commitee:||Harvey, Andrew, Madjidi, Farzin|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Pacific Rim Studies, Public administration|
|Keywords:||Commonwealth of the Northen Mariana Islands, Elected officials, Guam, Leadership, Micronesia, Public leadership, Public officials|
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