Depth psychology calls on us to face the crisis of our times, to look squarely into the dark night, and to build the soul muscle that allows us to face evil in the world and in our lives. In service to this, I ask the questions: What is the future of ego? Is there nexus between the depth psychology of Jung and the spiritual psychology of Steiner? I answer these questions with an examination of the concept of ego from the points of view of three important theoreticians, Sigmund Freud, C. G. Jung, and Rudolf Steiner.
Sigmund Freud's lifework can be separated into the psychology of the id, which relates to his early work, and the psychology of the ego. He initiated the practice of depth psychology. Jung's philosophical and metaphysical work moved psychology beyond the epistemological limits of Freud and resulted in the introduction of many fruitful ideas to depth psychology. Steiner was capable of seeing things others could not see. Both Jung and Steiner wrote about the archetypal cosmic man.
This exploration of the concept of the ego traces the historical development of Steiner's thought, explores his attitude toward the work of Freud and Jung, and provides a context for the dialogical investigation of his teachings about the occult. I distill this information into a working definition of Steiner's conception of the ego ("I"). Ultimately, I explore several ideas from both depth psychology and spiritual psychology that implicate (a) a different future for human beings from the doom currently anticipated and (b) evolving capacities of soul and spirit that are central to such a future.
|School:||Pacifica Graduate Institute|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 73/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral psychology, Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Spirituality|
|Keywords:||Depth psychology, Ego, Freud, Sigmund, Jung, Carl G., Spiritual psychology, Steiner, Rudolf|
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