The purpose of this study was to determine factors that contribute to the retention of experienced RNs in one facility for a period of 5 years or longer. Maslow's hierarchy of needs was utilized as the theoretical frame work in this study. Thirty seven qualified subjects responded (36%). Each nurse answered two questionnaires: a) The Demographic Data Sheet, and b) The Meaningful Retention Strategy Inventory (MRSI) tool. The MRSI was based on 60 questions divided into eight categories of specific retention strategies that experienced nurses consider important factors that helped to contribute to their job satisfaction and decreased turnover. These eight categories are: autonomy, communication, administrative, recognition, working conditions, professional practice, scheduling/staffing, and pay/benefits. The data was then appropriately analyzed using the Pearson (r) correlation and one-way ANOVA. The major finding of this study was that there was no significant relationship between job satisfaction and retention. The overall mean satisfaction score was 3.25 on a 4-point scale which translates to 81.34%, a number that is considered only average. When the respondent's mean ratings were used to rank order the subscales, the highest ranking was: pay/benefits, followed by autonomy, communication, administrative, working conditions, professional practice, recognition, and scheduling. None of these subscales of job satisfaction were correlated to years of retention. Another significant implication of this study was that although experienced nurses' level of satisfaction was considered average, the reason why they remain at their current institutions is due, in large part, to the current adverse economic constraints. The conclusion from this study, therefore, was that there are other factors that determine retention other than just job satisfaction.
|Advisor:||Huckabay, Loucine M.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Health care management|
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