The present study aimed to explain the disproportionate representation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math fields by examining the motivational processes through which stereotypes associated with the fields influence women's persistence. Although some explanations suggest that effects of stereotype salience on achievement, individual, and social motivations sufficiently explain gender differences in persistence, the Self-Regulation of Motivation Model suggests that activity-related feelings are also important predictors of persistence, and can be influenced by stereotype salience. Stereotypicality was manipulated with contextual images of male scientists and professionals. Contrary to expectations, female participants in the stereotypical environment did not show lower rates of achievement, individual, or social motivation, as with interest and persistence, compared to participants in the control condition. Potential explanations and implications are discussed.
|Advisor:||Thoman, Dustin B.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychobiology, Womens studies|
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