The objective of the study was to determine the factors that contribute to the retention of new registered nurses in their first employment situation.
The hypothesis, which stated that there would be a positive relationship between job satisfaction and retention, was tested on 33 new RNs who worked in one community hospital. Each subject answered two questionnaires: McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale tool that categorized the sources of job satisfaction into eight subcategories and the demographic data sheet. Pearson Product Moment Correlations, t-tests, and one-way ANOVA were used as appropriate.
The results did not support the hypothesis, that retention was related to job satisfaction. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory was used to explain the findings. The overall nurse satisfaction was rated at 3.57 on a 5 point scale or at the 71.48%. The range was from 63 to 83% level. In spite of the low satisfaction level, nurses tended to stay at their first job. This was possibly due to the current adverse economic conditions of the state of California.
A closer look at the eight subscales of satisfaction tool revealed that nurses were happier with their coworkers and level of interaction with other healthcare professionals, and least happy with their lack of opportunity for decision-making and control over the work situation. Implications were made to Nursing Administration to improve the conceptual environment to help improve the work conditions of the new nurses.
|Advisor:||Huckabay, Loucine M.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 51/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Health care management|
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