Objective: Hispanics are disproportionately affected by obesity and diabetes. Because diet is a modifiable risk factor for diabetes, the objective of this study was to determine if acculturation is associated with dietary practices and behaviors in Hispanics of Yakima, Washington. In addition, we sought to identify predictors of BMI in the population.
Design: The study was a cross-sectional analysis of Diabetes Baseline Survey data from a diabetes research study originally designed and conducted by investigators at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, WA.
Methods: 792 adult, Hispanic residents of the Yakima Valley, WA, completed surveys that asked questions about dietary choices and behaviors, as well as anthropometric, educational and lifestyle questions.
Results: Dietary practices and behaviors varied minimally according to acculturation status within the population. The two main findings were: 1) those with low acculturation status consumed more fruits than the highly acculturated Hispanics (p<0.02), and 2) highly acculturated Hispanics have a significantly higher frequency of eating out per week than low acculturated Hispanics (p<0.05). Acculturation status did not predict BMI; however, gender and age were weak predictors of BMI (F=60.417, p<0.05).
Conclusions: Low acculturation Hispanics should be encouraged to retain their eating habits to help improve their intake of fruit and lower the rate of eating out.
|Advisor:||Kirk, Elizabeth A.|
|Commitee:||Harris, Cristen, Thompson, Beti|
|Department:||Department of Nutrition|
|School Location:||United States -- Washington|
|Source:||MAI 51/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American Studies, Nutrition, Health education|
|Keywords:||Acculturation, Diabetes, Diet, Enclave, Hispanic, Obesity|
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