This thesis presents the results of an examination of the Late Classic Yuta Tiyoo phase (500-800 CE) occupation of the Río Viejo Mound 1 or acropolis. Mound 1 is located at the center of the Río Viejo site, the Late Classic polity seat in the lower Río Verde region of Oaxaca, Mexico. The study of architecture as well as the archaeological material dating to the Late Classic period (i.e., ceramics, lithics, osteological remains, carved stone monuments) allows for inferences concerning activities which took place on the region's largest monumental building.
The primary attention of the archaeology of the lower Rio Verde valley over the past twenty years has focused on the rise and fall of Terminal Formative complex polity accredited with the original construction of Mound 1. Previous perspectives of the Late Classic alterations of Mound 1 described modest construction during the Yuta Tiyoo phase. In contrast to these perspectives and in light of new information, the analysis of the architecture and artifacts depicts a highly active Yuta Tiyoo society. The changes in use and form of Mound 1 suggest a shift in the social and political practice at Río Viejo during the Late Classic period. Analysis of architecture and artifacts indicates a highly stratified Late Classic society with leadership focused on the consolidation and aggrandizement of power at Río Viejo.
This thesis of the Late Classic Río Viejo Mound 1 is important to the field of archaeology on two separate levels: local and regional. On a local level the understanding of a more complete life history of the Río Viejo Mound 1 and the political authority of the Late Classic Río Viejo polity answers questions left unanswered by previous investigations of the Lower Río Verde. This analysis will bridge the gap between the research conducted on the Terminal Formative (150 BCE – 250 BCE) and analyses of the Postclassic (800-1100 CE). On a regional level this work will fit in with the larger field of Oaxacan and Mesoamerican archaeology. Regional connections of ceramic production, architectural design, and lithic trade will bring into focus the larger interaction between communities beyond the constructed social boundaries.
|Advisor:||Joyce, Arthur A.|
|Commitee:||Gutierrez, Gerardo, Sheets, Payson|
|School:||University of Colorado at Boulder|
|School Location:||United States -- Colorado|
|Source:||MAI 50/06M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Ceramics, Chatino, Mexico, Oaxaca, Rio verde, Rio viejo|
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