Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Human subsistence and impacts on faunal communities in the northern Sinagua area
by Lloyd, Lara, M.A., Northern Arizona University, 2012, 160; 1511511
Abstract (Summary)

The interaction between the hunting practices of prehistoric agriculturalists and a fluctuating climate is a previously unexplored concept in the northern Sinagua area. Increased sample sizes for climatic data, as well as improved techniques for analyzing changes in climate over time within the past 15 years have allowed a better understanding of the dynamic nature of the climate in northern Arizona. In the Flagstaff area, botanical remains from archaeological sites and tree-rings provide decadal and 25-year timescale data on environmental change and agricultural potential. In this thesis, I analyze faunal materials from archaeological sites in the northern Sinagua area, and I compare the results with known climatic data.

I analyze faunal materials from six archaeological sites, which I divide into three specific sites and one group of three sites. The sites are from different environments, but are typically located either in or near a ponderosa forest in the Flagstaff area. The site sizes vary from small to large habitation sites, and the archaeological recovery methods vary by site. All sites were occupied during the post-eruptive period, or after approximately A.D. 1065. The latest date estimate for any of the sites is A.D. 1300, and the occupation for most sites included the twelfth century.

I examine the proportions of faunal species from three sites and one site group. Comparing the proportions of species results in evidence of garden hunting and suggests no differences in hunting practices in the northern Sinagua area, regardless of the climate changes and the complete depopulation of the Flagstaff area at approximately A.D. 1300. Hunting practices were likely unaffected by a decrease in agricultural production in the northern Sinagua area.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Smiley, Francis E., IV
Commitee: Downum, Christian E., Vannette, Walter M.
School: Northern Arizona University
Department: Anthropology
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: MAI 50/06M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Archaeology, Paleoecology, Native American studies
Keywords: Fauna, Northern Arizona, Paleoclimate, Sinagua, System theory, Zooarchaeology
Publication Number: 1511511
ISBN: 9781267367839