The purpose of this study was to examine preschool aged children's concepts of pain through the use of play and the clinical interview method with the aim to gather information to help improve assessment and communication with children during painful experiences. Data was collected from six participants from between the ages of 3.10 and 4.6 years old. The participants were asked to participate in a battery of story stems using animal figures, with themes meant to produce symbolic, narrative play that would illustrate concepts of pain. The play data was examined qualitatively in order to better understand a child's subjective experience. In addition, the participating children's parents were given a questionnaire, to help further clarify each child's response. Results supported and expanded on previous research demonstrating that young children have unique pain concepts specific to their development and separate from an adult's experience. In addition, the present research findings suggest that play is a valuable method to directly and effectively communicate with young children about their inner thoughts and feelings. Further investigation will serve to bring insight to childcare workers and clinicians on how to better assess and work with young children in pain.
|Advisor:||Shimpi, Priya, Perez, Linda|
|Department:||School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 50/06M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Early childhood education, Health sciences, Health education|
|Keywords:||Band-Aids, Child life, Children's pain, Clinical interview method, Pain concepts, Play|
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