Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Shape Selection in the non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity
by Gemmer, John, Ph.D., The University of Arizona, 2012, 133; 3505543
Abstract (Summary)

In this dissertation we investigate the behavior of radially symmetric non-Euclidean plates of thickness t with constant negative Gaussian curvature. We present a complete study of these plates using the Föppl-von Kármán and Kirchhoff reduced theories of elasticity. Motivated by experimental results, we focus on deformations with a periodic profile.

For the Föppl-von Kármán model, we prove rigorously that minimizers of the elastic energy converge to saddle shaped isometric immersions. In studying this convergence, we prove rigorous upper and lower bounds for the energy that scale like the thickness t squared. Furthermore, for deformation with n-waves we prove that the lower bound scales like nt2 while the upper bound scales like n2t2. We also investigate the scaling with thickness of boundary layers where the stretching energy is concentrated with decreasing thickness.

For the Kichhoff model, we investigate isometric immersions of disks with constant negative curvature into R2, and the minimizers for the bending energy, i.e. the L2 norm of the principal curvatures over the class of W2,2 isometric immersions. We show the existence of smooth immersions of arbitrarily large geodesic balls in the hyperbolic plane into Euclidean space. In elucidating the connection between these immersions and the non-existence/singularity results of Hilbert and Amsler, we obtain a lower bound for the L norm of the principal curvatures for such smooth isometric immersions. We also construct piecewise smooth isometric immersions that have a periodic profile, are globally W2,2, and numerically have lower bending energy than their smooth counterparts. The number of periods in these configurations is set by the condition that the principal curvatures of the surface remain finite and grow approximately exponentially with the radius of the disc.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Venkataramani, Shankar C.
Commitee: Glickenstein, David, Newell, Alan, Tabor, Michael, Venkataramani, Shankar
School: The University of Arizona
Department: Applied Mathematics
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 73/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, Physics
Keywords: Calculus of variations, Morphogenesis of soft tissue, Non-euclidean elasticity, Nonlinear elasticity, Thin elastic sheets
Publication Number: 3505543
ISBN: 9781267299949
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