Climate change and its associated effects create an especially challenging problem for developing countries with limited financial resources. Using Colombia as a case study, this thesis demonstrates how the world economy and international climate change law could offer economic opportunities to these same countries if they are able to develop their carbon storing resources. I show that the current Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol excludes tropical developing countries that are middle CO2 emitters because its' Executive Board rules restrict forest projects. This situation needs to be remedied. But this thesis presents other options that Colombia has to work within the current international environment to develop a better climate change policy. Currently, only the voluntary carbon market supports forest projects needed to reduce CO2 emissions, protect biodiversity, and improve communities' livelihoods. I present an integrative analysis of the legal and institutional environmental framework of Colombia which will be useful to NGOs, indigenous peoples, project developers, investors and international policy advisors in climate change and REDD+. I also demonstrate why a united agricultural and forestland policy mindful of biodiversity, conservation laws, water resources, and respect for the free prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples is necessary. I show why it is risky to invest in CO 2 reduction projects managed and monitored solely by the Colombian government and suggest a project approach with a reduced governmental intervention. I explain why results based contracts like the Payment for Environmental Services are a tool for handling CO2 reductions. I clarify the carbon property rights attached to property of the indigenous peoples. I also propose the enforcement of consumer protection laws to give the consumer a legal tool to control greenhouse gas reductions if false advertisement occurs. Through the discussion and analysis in this thesis, I will clearly demonstrate how Colombia can benefit from the world economy and international climate change law to develop their carbon storing resources.
|Advisor:||Freestone, David, Thornton, Karen|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 50/05M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Climate Change, Conservation, Environmental Law|
|Keywords:||Carbon market, Fpic, Indigenous peoples, Pes, Redd+, Tropical countries|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be