The purpose of this study was to explore the major "push" and "pull" factors influencing the migration of Nepalese professionals and non-professionals to the United States of America (US). The study was intended to examine demographic profiles, professional backgrounds and predominant economic, social, political and personal factors affecting migration decisions to the US. We examined economic factors (higher wage, employment rates, growth opportunities), social factors (standard of living, physical infrastructure, children's education, children's success, social order, social security, corruption measures), political factors (political stability, democratic government) and personal factors (personal privacy, personal freedom) to assess the major pull and push factors of the migration of Nepalese people.
To further examine the issue, we developed three hypotheses: (1) positive perceptions on economic gain in the US will be associated with respondents' plan to migrate to the US; (2) positive perceptions on social factors will have positive impacts on respondents' plan to migrate to the US; (3) positive perceptions of political factors will be associated with respondents' plan to migrate to the US. The Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington Metropolitan area (DFW) was selected as a study area. The questionnaire responses have been analyzed using descriptive and logistic regression models.
We first examined associated variables such as gender, education, visa type, marital status and work history and their relationships with Nepalese migration decisions to the US. We analysed many pull factors on migration decisions such as higher income, employment, personal growth, standard of living, educational opportunities, personal security, mode of government, personal freedom and the betterment of child futures. In our analysis, almost every one of these factors shows a positive impact on migration decisions to the US.
We also examined push factors possibly discouraging people to return to Nepal or alternatively, encouraging migration to the US such as low income, unemployment, unstable economic condition, poor quality of life, poor physical infrastructure, political instability of Nepal, poor governance and poor education for children. Almost every one of these factors emerged as important indicators discouraging Nepalese living in the US to return back home.
|Commitee:||Esedo, Kingsley, Hines, Revathi I., Mahadallah, Hassan|
|School:||Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College|
|Department:||Public Policy (PPOL)|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public policy, Ethnic studies|
|Keywords:||Migration, Nepalese, Pull factors, Push factors|
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