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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The picture memory interference test with Iranian Americans: Does first language impact performance?
by Kianmahd, Shereen, Psy.D., Pepperdine University, 2012, 101; 3503818
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of first language on one's performance on the Picture Memory Interference Test (PMIT). This casual-comparative study examined if Iranian American students whose 1st language is Farsi performed differently from 1 st language English-speaking Iranian American and monolingual English-speaking Caucasian students, after controlling for age and gender. To conduct this investigation, 103 Iranian American students who endorsed Farsi as their 1 st language and English as their 2nd language were compared to a matched group of 103 monolingual English-speaking Caucasian students. Forty-four Iranian American students who endorsed 1st and 2nd language as English were also compared to a matched group of 44 monolingual English-speaking Caucasian students. The results of the 2 ANOVA conducted indicated that 1st language does significantly influence participants' scores on True Positive responses on the PMIT. Participants who self-identified Farsi as their 1st language recalled fewer pictures correctly on the PMIT when compared to their monolingual English-speaking counterparts. This study revealed the relevance of considering 1st language and cultural differences among ethnic minorities when administering nonverbal assessment measures of visual memory.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gallardo, Miguel
Commitee: Himelstein, Susan, Lopez, Enrique
School: Pepperdine University
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 73/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Language
Keywords: Farsi, Iranian american, Language, Neuropsychology, Picture memory interference test, Visual memory
Publication Number: 3503818
ISBN: 978-1-267-27609-4
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